Are you currently suffering from hay fever and bronchial asthma? Do you intend to donate blood plasma? Are you taking nutritional supplements? And are you planning a trip to China or Mexico?
Caution: Meat products in those countries can be contaminated by clenbuterol. Contamination or adulteration can be found in nutritional supplements. When donating blood plasma, please be aware that according to the anti-doping rules it is permitted to draw blood, but forbidden to administrate or reintroduce any quantity of blood or blood products. Thus, athletes have to consider some crucial rules before donating blood. For the treatment of allergies and hay fever, both permitted and prohibited medication is available. In the pollen season NADA receives an increased number of inquiries regarding medication.
Below, you will find a number of important instructions regarding the questions above. In addition, you will find information on all changes to the current WADA Prohibited List.
The List is revised once a year. We have prepared a German translation. On the right hand side, there is a summary of the main alterations for 2018.
NADA gives out a warning in regards to the use of products containing CBD for the following reasons:
Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, is obtained from cannabis plant extract and is available as a food supplement, for example in the form of oils, or as creams, and in the USA as a prescription drug for special forms of epilepsy.
For athletes who are subject to a doping control system, CBD products can constitute a doping trap. This is because cannabis plants contain tetrahydrocannabinol, THC for short, which is prohibited in competition. CBD products can contain indefinable amounts of THC.
Even though the labels of CBD products often state that the THC content is very low, in practice it is often much higher. Thus, there is a risk of a positive test result for THC. In addition, the risks and side effects of the use of CBD have not yet been extensively researched and health effects on the body are not yet foreseeable. The legal classification of CBD products by the responsible state authorities in Germany is currently not completed and thus the marketability of CBD products has not been clarified.
According to findings by the Manfred-Donike-Institute and the Center for Preventive Doping Research (ZePraeDo) at the German Sport University Cologne there is an increased risk of accidental anti-doping rule violation by consuming meat in China and Mexico that can contain the prohibited beta-2-agonist clenbuterol.
Therefore, NADA Germany advises athletes to be extremely careful in terms of diet when travelling to Mexico and China. At major sports events in those countries, the relevant international sports federations should be able to inform participants whether secure catering and contamination-free products will be provided. Meat consumption should possibly be reduced or avoided as far as feasible. For hints on alternative, safe protein sources, please, refer to the recommendations of the German Olympic Sports Confederation (DOSB) and contact your nutrition expert at your local / regional Olympic training site (OSP).
The supposed cause of contaminations in China and Mexico is the illegal use of clenbuterol as a growth enhancer in cattle and livestock. Meat and meat products are considered safe in Europe and North America, due to the stricter legal provisions.
Some athletes are regular or irregular donors of blood or blood plasma. As methods like the administration or reintroduction of any quantity of blood or blood products as well as intravenous infusions are considered forbidden by the WADA Prohibited List, athletes who are subject to the anti-doping rules should observe some substantial provisions to avoid unintended doping rule violations. We have prepared helpful information on TUEs and/or medical certificates for donors and recipients below:
- Blood donation (withdrawal): Neither TUE (for testing pool athletes) nor medical certificate (for non-testing pool athletes) is required. Where applicable, list the donation in the Athlete Biological Passport.
- Blood plasma donation: As the blood is filtered repeatedly for plasma during the donation process and thus reintroduced intravenously, TUEs are required from testing pool athletes. Medical certificates or under certain circumstances retro-active TUEs are required from non-testing pool athletes.
- Dialysis: TUEs are required from testing pool athletes. Medical certificates or under certain circumstances, retroactive TUEs are required from non-testing pool athletes.
- When receiving blood transfusions: TUEs are required from testing pool athletes. Medical certificates and under circumstances retroactive TUEs are required from non-testing pool athletes.
- When receiving plasma donations: Plasma is one component of blood that does not transport oxygen. Thus, neither testing pool athletes or non-testing pool athletes require a TUE, medical certificate or retro-active TUE, as long as the intravenous administration of plasma is performed at a hospital. HOWEVER: TUEs are required from testing pool athletes, and medical certificates or under certain circumstances retroactive TUEs are required from non-testing pool athletes, when the infusion is NOT administered at a hospital.
- Receiving permitted substances by intravenous infusion at a hospital: Permitted substances with a total liquid quantity of MORE than 50 ml within a six hours' period AT A HOSPITAL, DURING surgical procedures OR clinical investigations: Neither TUE (testing pool athletes) nor medical certificate (non-testing pool athletes) or retro-active TUE is required. Receiving permitted substances by intravenous infusion out of hospitals: Infusions with a total liquid quantity of MORE than 50 ml within a six hours' period administered OUT OF HOSPITALS or beyond surgical procedures or clinical investigations - even of permitted substances - are prohibited. They require TUEs from testing pool athletes, and medical certificates or under certain circumstances retroactive TUEs from non-testing pool athletes.
- Receiving intravenous infusions of prohibited substances, even at a hospital: TUEs are required from testing pool athletes, medical certificates and under certain circumstances retroactive TUEs are required from non-testing pool athletes
Antihistaminics are allowed. Asthma sprays, eye drops, nasal sprays and skin creams with active ingredients from the group of glucocorticoids (cortisone) are also permitted. In addition, three bronchodilatory active ingredients (so-called beta-2 agonists) may be used by inhalation, according to the following daily maximum doses:
- salbutamol: maximum 1600 micrograms over 24 hours, not to exceed 800 micrograms every 12 hours;
- formoterol: maximum delivered dose of 54 micrograms over 24 hours;
- salmeterol: maximum 200 micrograms over 24 hours.
Allowed medications must be indicated in doping controls.
For the use of permitted medication, a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) or a medical certificate is not required. Any TUE-applications and medical certificates for authorized medication are returned to the sender immediately. For further information, please visit www.nadamed.de.