The World Anti-Doping Code (WADC)
The worldwide harmonization of the anti-doping rules and regulations was tackled by setting up the WADA in 1999. Three years later, in June 2003, the first draft of the World Anti-Doping Code was presented. Following several rounds of consultation, the final version of the Code was adopted by acclamation on 5 March 2003 during the 2nd world anti-doping conference on doping in sport in Copenhagen.
This was an important step towards securing the fundamental values of sport, such as the athletes' right to participate in doping-free sport, fairness and equal opportunities and health.
Up until the end of 2004, almost all international sport federations in the Olympic movement, the National Olympic Committees and the national anti-doping organizations had adopted the World Anti-Doping Code (WADA Code), and undertaken to implement it. Those attending the conference in Copenhagen signed what is referred to as the "Copenhagen Declaration", in which they committed themselves to enter into an inter-state agreement by the beginning of the Olympic Games in Turin, Italy.
The implementation of the WADC in the respective national anti-doping rules represents a significant milestone for fair and clean sport. Becuase only through the implementation of the WADC the rules become valid for national sports federations and their athletes.
Since the sport is changing as well as doping practices, the anti-doping work steadily changed since the foundation of the WADC. Therefore it was revised several times. In November 2007, the world anti-doping conference was held in Madrid. It was there that the revised WADA Code was approved. It came into force on 1 January 2009, and had to be translated into a corresponding anti-doping rules and regulations in those countries that had adopted the WADA Code.
A new revision of the WADC began in 2011. The third WADC was finally adopted by the World Anti-Doping Conference in November 2013, Johannesburg. During the two-year consultation phase, NADA submitted amendments. These concerned in particular the protection of minors, the proportionality of rules on penalties, the standardization of testing and the strengthening of prevention work and data protection.
The new, advanced WADC came into force on January 1st, 2015. It must also be implemented by its signatories in the national anti-doping rules.
In addition to the WADC, which is the basis, WADA developed the so-called "international standards". The detailed implemention regulations of the WADC regulate individual practice-relevant areas, such as the controls, the wherabouts system or Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE). Also, they are binding to be implemented.
You will find details on the WADA's work, its remits and its history on the WADA's website (http://www.wada-ama.org).